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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 60-67

Missing intrauterine contraceptive device amongst clients in Enugu, Nigeria


1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Anambra State University Teaching Hospital, Amaku, Awka, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
L C Ikeako
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Anambra State University Teaching Hospital, Amaku, Awka
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Background Missing intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) is a known complication of IUCD use. Objective To examine the methods of diagnosis and Management modalities of missing IUCD at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu. Materials and Method This was a retrospective review of the records of all clients who presented with complaints of missing IUCD over an 11 year period, from 1 st January 1990 to 31 st December 2000. Relevant information on biodata, methods of diagnosis and removal were extracted and analysed using tabulations and simple percentages. Results A total of 44,975 clients were seen at the family planning clinic within the period under review. Twenty two thousand, one hundred and sixty eight clients used IUCD, giving a 55.96% of total contraceptive use. Of these, 20 IUCD missed, giving the incidence of missing IUCD as 0.08%. The mean age of clients with missing IUCD was 38±2.18 years and the mean parity was 6.00 ± 0.54. Majority (30%) were asymptomatic. Twenty five percent presented with lower abdominal pain. One client had a co-existing pregnancy of about 10 weeks. The commonest mode of diagnosing missing IUCD was the use of plain abdominal x-ray with a marker in-utero (50%) and retrieval hook was used for removal in 45% of the cases. Three patients had exploratory laparotomy for removal of the missing IUCD. Conclusion IUCD is a method of contraception most commonly used in UNTH, Enugu. Plain abdominal x-ray with a marker in-utero is a simple and reliable diagnostic technique for missing IUCD.


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