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CASE REPORT
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 19-21

Primary hydatid cyst in gastrocnemius muscle


Department of Anaesthesiology and Surgery, Midnapore Medical College, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Mrityunjay Pal
Department of Surgery, Midnapore Medical College, West Bengal
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1117-6806.95479

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Cystic echinococcosis, which is caused by the larval stages of Echinococcus granulosus, results from the presence of one or more massive cysts or hydatids, and can involve any organ, including the liver, lungs, heart, brain, kidneys, and long bones. Muscle hydatidosis is usually secondary in nature, resulting from spread of larval tissue from a primary site after spontaneous or trauma-induced cyst rupture or after release of viable parasite material during invasive treatment procedures. Primary muscle hydatidosis is extremely uncommon, because implantation at this site would require passage through the filters of the liver and lung. Intramuscular hydatid cyst can cause a variety of diagnostic problems, especially in the absence of typical radiologic findings. We present an unusual case of a primary hydatid cyst found in the popliteal fossa of the right knee of a 52-year-old woman, presenting as an enlarging soft-tissue tumor for 6 months associated with pain. The mass initially was diagnosed to be Backer's cyst by ultrasonography, but later it was confirmed postoperatively through histopathological studies to be due to hydatid disease. In regions where hydatidosis is endemic, hydatid cyst should be included in the differential diagnosis of any unusual muscular mass.


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