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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 42-44

Ocular fireworks injuries in Eastern Nigeria: A 3-year review

1 Department of Ophthalmology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Enugu, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Akunne Ijeoma Apakama
Department of Ophthalmology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njs.NJS_29_15

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Aim: The aim of this study is to determine the incidence and types of ocular injuries caused by fireworks in patients seen at Guinness Eye Centre Onitsha and their effects on vision. Methods: This was a 3-year retrospective study evaluating case files of patients with ocular fireworks injuries seen at Guinness Eye Centre Onitsha during the Christmas and New Year festivities (2010–2012). Information was extracted into a pro forma and analyzed using Excel, AutoSum, and calculators. Results: Subconjunctival hemorrhage, corneal lacerations, and hyphema were the most common injuries seen. Patients had multiple ocular pathologies, and the left eye was affected in 62.5% of cases. Bystanders accounted for 75% of those with ocular fireworks injuries. All were males. Half of the affected eyes went blind. Conclusion: Fireworks injuries constituted only 5.1%, 0%, and 10% of ocular injuries in 2010, 2011, and 2012, respectively, with devastating consequence of blindness in 50% of affected eyes.

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