Nigerian Journal of Surgery

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2016  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 81--85

Assessment of the survival of dental implants in irradiated jaws following treatment of oral cancer: A retrospective study


Meenakshi Chauhan Rana1, Swati Solanki2, Sudarshan C Pujari3, Eisha Shaw2, Swati Sharma4, Abhishek Anand Anand4, Harkanwal Preet Singh5 
1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Manav Rachna Dental College, Faridabad, Haryana, India
2 Department of Prosthodontics, Rama Dental College, Hospital and Research Centre, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, PDU Dental College, Solapur, Maharashtra, India
4 Department of Pedodontics, Buddha Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Patna, Bihar, India
5 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Dasmesh Institute of Research and Dental Sciences, Faridkot, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Harkanwal Preet Singh
Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Dasmesh Institute of Research and Dental Sciences, Faridkot, Punjab
India

Background: In patients undergoing head and neck surgery for various pathologic conditions, implants are one of the best restorative options and are increasing widely used. Therefore, we evaluated the success of dental implants in the irradiated jaws of patients following treatment of oral cancer oral cancer treated patients. Materials and Methods: Data of oral cancer treated patients was collected retrospectively from 2002 to 2008. We took 46 oral cancer treated patients in which implants were placed in irradiated jaws for rehabilitation. Results: It was found that out of 162 dental implants placed, 52 failed. Furthermore, there was no variation in the implant survival rate in between both the jaws. Radiation dose of <50 Gy units also showed significantly increased amount of implant survival rate. Conclusions: Implant survival is multifactorial and depends upon a number of factors like level of radiation exposure in that area, time gap between last radiation doses etc., Further research is required in this field to improve the esthetics and quality of life of cancer treated patients.


How to cite this article:
Rana MC, Solanki S, Pujari SC, Shaw E, Sharma S, Anand AA, Singh HP. Assessment of the survival of dental implants in irradiated jaws following treatment of oral cancer: A retrospective study.Niger J Surg 2016;22:81-85


How to cite this URL:
Rana MC, Solanki S, Pujari SC, Shaw E, Sharma S, Anand AA, Singh HP. Assessment of the survival of dental implants in irradiated jaws following treatment of oral cancer: A retrospective study. Niger J Surg [serial online] 2016 [cited 2020 Apr 9 ];22:81-85
Available from: http://www.nigerianjsurg.com/article.asp?issn=1117-6806;year=2016;volume=22;issue=2;spage=81;epage=85;aulast=Rana;type=0