Nigerian Journal of Surgery

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2018  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 76--81

Histological characteristics of breast lesions in Uyo, Nigeria


Chukwuemeka Charles Nwafor1, Isaac Assam Udo2 
1 Department of Pathology, University of Uyo, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
2 Department of Surgery, University of Uyo, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Chukwuemeka Charles Nwafor
Department of Pathology, University of Uyo, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State
Nigeria

Background: The breast is a common site for pathologies which predominantly involves the female breast. While benign diseases are more common, malignancies are of utmost concern for the patient, clinician, and the pathologist. Aim: The aim of this study is to audit the clinical and pathological features of patients with breast lumps in a tertiary center in Nigeria. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective observational study of histologically diagnosed breast lumps over a period of 8 years. Results: Lumps were common in the 20–39 years age group (>50%), with a mean age of 34.95 years. Females accounted for 759 (98.1%) of cases. In 467 (60.4%) cases, the lumps measured >5 cm and only 175 (22.6%) cases presented to the surgeon within 12 weeks of noticing a breast lump. Ninety-one (11.8%) cases also presented with axillary lymph nodes, breast pain 79 (10.2%), peau d' orange 56 (7.2%), and ulceration 47 (6.1%). Benign breast disease (BBD) occurred in 401 (51.8%) cases and malignant breast diseases (MBD) occurred in 344 (44.3%) of cases. Conclusion: BBD and MBD are common among the young in Uyo. Lumps are the primary complaint and late presentation is the norm.


How to cite this article:
Nwafor CC, Udo IA. Histological characteristics of breast lesions in Uyo, Nigeria.Niger J Surg 2018;24:76-81


How to cite this URL:
Nwafor CC, Udo IA. Histological characteristics of breast lesions in Uyo, Nigeria. Niger J Surg [serial online] 2018 [cited 2019 Jun 17 ];24:76-81
Available from: http://www.nigerianjsurg.com/article.asp?issn=1117-6806;year=2018;volume=24;issue=2;spage=76;epage=81;aulast=Nwafor;type=0