Nigerian Journal of Surgery

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2018  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 82--89

Efficiency of ultrasonography in swellings of orofacial region


Sameer Ramesh Zope1, Abhishek A Talathi2, Avadhut Kamble1, Selabh Thakur3, Pradeep Dilip Taide4, Vaibhav Kumar5, Harkanwal Preet Singh6 
1 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Yogita Dental College and Hospital, Khed, Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, India
2 Public Health Dentistry, Yogita Dental College and Hospital, Khed, Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Yogita Dental College and Hospital, Khed, Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, India
4 Department of Prosthodontics, Yogita Dental College and Hospital, Khed, Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, India
5 Public Health Dentistry, Divya Jyoti College of Dental Sciences and Research, Modinagar, Uttar Pradesh, India
6 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Dasmesh Institute of Research and Dental Sciences, Faridkot, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Harkanwal Preet Singh
Dasmesh Institute of Research and Dental Sciences, Faridkot, Punjab
India

Introduction: Ultrasonography (USG) is found to be important in identifying various soft-tissue pathologies in the orofacial region. Therefore, its features should be studied and documented in these lesions so that a more appropriate provisional diagnosis can be made. Aim: This study aims to study ultrasonographic features in various kinds of swellings in the orofacial region. Materials and Methods: The study grouped consists of 30 patients of both sexes (20 males and 10 females) with an age range of 15–70 years complaining of swellings in the orofacial region. All the patients in the study were explained the need of tests and subjected to clinical, ultrasonographic, and histopathologic examination. Sonosite Micromaxx sonography machine was used with a linear array transducer of 13-6 MHz frequencies. Ultrasonographic diagnosis is then correlated with clinical and histopathologic diagnosis. Chi-square test and contingency coefficient tests were used. Results: A significant association was observed between clinical and ultrasonographic diagnoses (contingency = 0.872, P < 0.05) and between ultrasonographic and histopathologic diagnoses (contingency = 0.904, P < 0.05). There was 100% congruency between clinical diagnosis and ultrasonographic diagnosis in all the cases except in cases of cysts, abscess, and sialadenitis. Reliability of USG was found to be 97% in diagnosing all the cases with respect to histopathological diagnosis, while it was 90% with respect to clinical diagnosis. Conclusion: USG was found to be a reliable diagnostic modality in the diagnosis of orofacial swellings.


How to cite this article:
Zope SR, Talathi AA, Kamble A, Thakur S, Taide PD, Kumar V, Singh HP. Efficiency of ultrasonography in swellings of orofacial region.Niger J Surg 2018;24:82-89


How to cite this URL:
Zope SR, Talathi AA, Kamble A, Thakur S, Taide PD, Kumar V, Singh HP. Efficiency of ultrasonography in swellings of orofacial region. Niger J Surg [serial online] 2018 [cited 2019 Mar 19 ];24:82-89
Available from: http://www.nigerianjsurg.com/article.asp?issn=1117-6806;year=2018;volume=24;issue=2;spage=82;epage=89;aulast=Zope;type=0