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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 34-38

Cutaneous Cancers in Nigerian Albinos: A Review of 22 Cases

1 Department of Surgery, Plastic Surgery Unit, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma; Department of Surgery, Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua, Edo State, Nigeria
2 Department of Morbid Anatomy and Histopathology, Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua, Edo State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Oluwafemi Olasupo Awe
Department of Surgery, Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Km 86, Benin- Auchi Expressway, PMB 008, Irrua, Edo State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njs.NJS_23_17

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Context: Albinism is an inherited disorder of hypopigmentation involving the skin, eyes, and hair. This disorder results in the absence or reduction in melanin production. There are two main types of albinism which are ocular albinism and oculocutaneous albinism. It could also be classified as syndromic or nonsyndromic the melanin, which protects from the harmful effect of ultraviolet radiation of the sun on the normal skin, is deficient in the albino, predisposing them more, to cutaneous malignancies. Aim: This study is to highlight the epidemiology of cutaneous cancers in albinos in sub-urban Nigeria. Methodology: This is a retrospective review of all albinos with histological diagnoses of cutaneous malignancies that presented to Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua Edo State, Nigeria between September 2010 and August 2016. The following details were extracted from the patients' case-notes, operation register, and the histopathology register. These data include age, gender, site of the lesion, the diagnosis, no of lesions excised, and duration of the lesion (s). These were collated and analyzed using SPSS version 22. Results: There were 22 albinos with histopathologically diagnosed cutaneous malignancies. There were 11 males and 11 females with male:female of 1. The age range is from 25 to 55 years with the mean of 34.68. Conclusion: Albinism is one of the most common causes of cutaneous malignancies, and majority of them present with locally advanced lesions that will need excision biopsy resulting in disfigurement. This problem can be prevented in many cases with proper community education, support, and free health care. There is also need for them to present early whenever they noticed any skin changes.

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